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294 care 和 like

care 主要用于否定式与疑问式中。

A care for + 名词/动名词与 like + 名词/ 动名词的含义非常接近。

可以说:

(a)Does/Did Tom care for living in the country?/Does/Did Tom like living in the country?

汤姆愿意住在乡下吗?

(b)You don't care for science fiction,do you?/You don't like science fiction,do you?

你不喜欢科学幻想小说,是吗?

对上面(b)的回答可以是:

I don't care for it./I don't like it much./Oh yes, I like it.

我不喜欢它。/我不太喜欢它。/噢!不,我喜欢它。(最后一个回答中不能用 care。)

care 在疑问式中有时暗示一丝怀疑或犹豫:

Does Ann care for horror movies?

安喜欢看恐怖影片吗?(说话人认为她大概不喜欢,或说话人因为她竟好像喜欢看恐怖电影而感到惊讶。)

如用 would you care(for)…?时,怀疑或犹豫的色彩表现得更明显。

B would care 和 would like

would care for + 名词或 would care + 不定式与 would like + 名词/不定式相似。但是 would care(for)通常不用于肯定的陈述句。用 would you care(for)…?表示的建议不如用 would you like…?表示的建议那样自信。

(a)Tom:Would you care for a lift,Ann?

汤姆:安,你愿意搭我的车吗?(可能汤姆的车子不太舒服,而她又喜欢舒服。)

(b)Tom:Would you care to see my photos,Ann?

汤姆:安,你想看看我的照片吗?(他不敢肯定她是否愿意看。)

对(b)最好的回答方式是:

I'd like to see them very much.

我很愿意看。

同在肯定句中一样,这里用 would like 代替 would care。

在否定句中,用法也是相同的:

—I wouldn't care to live on the 35th floor.

—Oh,I'd rather like it.

—我不在乎住在35层楼上。

—噢,我挺愿意的。

would care for/would like 有时可与动名词连用。(参见第 295节B。)

C would have cared(for)和 would have liked

二者在此都指并未发生的动作:

Ann:I'd have liked to go with Tom.

安:我本倒愿意和汤姆一起走。(我想和汤姆一起走,可没能如愿以偿。参见第296节D,这里不能用 care。)

Bill:But he walked all the way! You wouldn't have cared for/have liked that,would you?/Would you have cared for/have liked that?

比尔:但他是一直走了去的!你总不愿意那样做吧?

D 请不要将 care 的上述用法与 care for 和 care(about)混淆:

1 care for(= look after 照顾)主要用于被动语态:

The old people were cared for by their families.

老年人受家庭照顾。

2 care(about)(= feel concerned 关注,在乎)主要用于否定式与疑问式。

I don't care(about)与 I don't mind 意思相似。因此常可用 I don't mind 代替 I don't care:

—It will be very expensive.

—I don't care/mind./I don't care about/mind the expense./I don'tcare/mind what it costs.

—这会很贵的。

—我不在乎。/我不乎花多少钱。/我不在乎要花多少钱。

但请注意 I don't care(about)意指 I am indifferent(to)(我满不在乎,漠不关心)而 I don't mind 意指 I don't object(to)(我不反对),如 He/It dosen't worry/upset/annoy me(他/这不使我发愁/心绪烦乱/烦恼)。

I don't mind 远远比 I don't care 更有礼貌,而且 I don't care

常常令人听起来感到妄自尊大和自私。在否定疑问式中两者都可以使用:

Don't you care/mind what happens to him?

你难道不关心他出什么事吗?

Didn't you care/mind what happened?

当时出什么事你竟然不关心吗?

但在一般疑问句中这两者有较大的区别:

Do you care?相当于:

Are you concerned?/Do you feel concern?

你关心吗?/你在乎吗?

而 Do you mind?常常是Do you object?(你反对吗?)的意思。

(另参见第263节。)

明明白白读英语 轻轻松松记单词

You can memorize words in an efficient way if you pronounce them reasonably. Say words correctly, and you will learn them easily. Correct pronunciation means correct spelling of the words. English spelling is not good to guide its pronunciation. But spelling and pronunciation have closed relationship. They match each other perfectly. Sometimes we can pronounce a word according to its spelling. English pronunciation can also guide its spelling. This is a two-way communication.
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英语语法(牛津版)
第二十九章 care,like,love,hate,prefer,wish
294 care 和 like
295 care,like,love,hate,prefer
296 would like 和 want
297 would rather/sooner 和 prefer/would prefer
298 表示偏爱的另一些例句
299 wish,want 和 would like
300 wish + 主语 + 虚拟过去时
301 wish(that)+ 主语 + would
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