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364 不规则动词

下表中用斜体印出的动词,在现代英语中不常使用,但在文学作品中可能见到。如果一个动词有两种可能使用的形式时,而其中一个形式比另一个形式更常用,则不常用的那个形式也用斜体印出。

由不规则动词构成的复合动词用跟原不规则动词同样的方法构成其过去式及过去分词:

come came come
over come over came over come
set set set

 

现在式及动词原形 过去式 过去
abide
arise
awake
be
bear
beat
become
befall
beget
begin
behold
bend
bereave
beseech
bet
bid(=command)
bid(=offer)
bind
bite
bleed
blow
break
breed
bring
broadcast
build
burn
burst
buy
can∴
cast
catch
chide
choose
cleave
cling
clothe
come
cost
creep
crow
cut
dare
deal
dig
do
draw
dream
drink
drive
dwell
eat
fall
feed
feel
fight
find
flee
fling
fly
forbear
forbid
forget
forgive
forsake
freeze
get
gild
gird
give
go
grind
grow
hang
have
hear
hew
hide
hit
hold
hurt
keep
kneel
knit
know
lay
lead
lean
leap
learn
leave
lend
let
lie
light
lose
make
may∴
mean
meet
mow
must∴
ought∴
pay
put
read
rend
rid
ride
ring
rise
run
saw
say
see
seek
sell
send
set
sew
shake
shall∴
shear
shed
shine
shoe
shoot
show
shrink
shut
sing
sink
sit
slay
sleep
slide
sling
slink
slit
smell
smite
sow
speak
speed
spell
spend
spill
spin
spit
split
spread
spring
stand
steal
stick
sting
stink
strew
stride
strike
string
strive
swear
sweep
swell
swim
swing
take
teach
tear
tell
think
thrive
throw
thrust
tread
understand
undertake
wake
wear
weave
weep
wet
will∴
win
wind
wring
write
abode
arose
awoke/awaked
was,were
bore
beat
became
befell
begot
began
beheld
bent
bereaved
besought
betted/bet
bade
bid
bound
bit
bled
blew
broke
bred
brought
broadcast
built
burned/burnt
burst
bought
could
cast
caught
chid
chose
clove/cleft
clung
clothed/clad
came
cost
crept
crowed
cut
dared/durst
dealt[deft]
dug
did
drew
dreamed/dreamt
drank
drove
dwelled/dwelt
ate
fell
fed
felt
fought
found
fled
flung
flew
forbore
borbade/forbad
forgot
forgave
forsook
froze
got
gilded/gilt
girded/girt
gave
went
ground
grew
hanged/hung
had
heard
hewed
hid
hit
held
hurt
kept
knelt
knit
knew
laid
led
leaned/leant
leaped/leapt
learned/learnt
left
lent
let
lay
lighted/lit
lost
made
might
meant
met
mowed
had to
-
paid
put
read
rent
rid
rode
rang
rose
ran
sawed
said
saw
sought
sold
sent
set
sewed
shook
should
sheared/shorn
shed
shone
shoed/shod
shot
showed
shrank
shut
sang
sank
sat
slew
slept
slid
slung
slunk
slit
smelled/smelt
smote
sowed
spoke
speeded/sped
spelled/spelt
spent
spilled/spilt
spun
spat
split
spread
sprang
stood
stole
stuck
stung
stank/stunk
strewed
strode
struck
strung
strove
swore
swept
swelled
swam
swung
took
taught
tore
told
thought
thrived/throve
threw
thrust
trod
understood
undetook
waked/woke
wore
wove
wept
wetted/wet
would
won
wound
wrung
wrote
abode
arisen
awoken/awaked
been
borne/born
beaten
become
befallen
begotten
begun
beheld
bent
bereaved/bereft
besought
betted/bet
bidden
bid
bound
bitten
bled
blown
broken
bred
brought
broadcast
built
burned/burnt
burst
bought
be able to
cast
caught
chidden
chosen
cloven/cleft
clung
clothed/clad
come
cost
crept
crew/crowed
cut
dared/durst
dealt[deft]
dug
done
drawn
dreamed/dreamt
drunk
driven
dwelled/dwelt
eaten
fallen
fed
felt
fought
found
fled
flung
flown
forborne
forbidden
forgotten
forgiven
forsaken
frozen
got
gilded/gilt
girded/girt
given
gone
ground
grown
hanged/hung
had
heard
hewed/hewn
hidden
hit
held
hurt
kept
knelt
knit
known
laid
led
leaned/leant
leaped/leapt
learned/learnt
left
lent
let
lain
lighted/lit
lost
made
-
meant
met
mowed/mown
-
-
paid
put
read
rent
rid
ridden
rang
risen
run
sawed/sawn
said
seen
sought
sold
sent
set
sewed/sewn
shaken
-
sheared/shorn
shed
shone
shoed/shod
shot
showed/shown
shrunk
shut
sung
sunk
sat
slain
slept
slid
slung
slunk
slit
smelled/smelt
smitten
sowed/sown
spoken
speeded/sped
spelled/spelt
spent
spilled/spilt
spun
spat
split
spread
sprung
stood
stolen
stuck
stung
stunk
strewed/strewn
stridden
struck
strung
striven
sworn
swept
swelled/swollen
swum
swung
taken
taught
torn
told
thought
thrived/thriven
thrown
thrust
trodden/trod
understood
undertaken
waked/woken
worn
woven
wept
wetted/wet
-
won
wound
wrung
written

* 这些过去分词形式并不可以任意使用,而是具有不同的含义。学生使用时须在可靠的词典里查清其确切意义及用法。

** 联合;紧凑。作“编织衣服”讲时是规则动词。∴ 只用于现在时态。

明明白白读英语 轻轻松松记单词

You can memorize words in an efficient way if you pronounce them reasonably. Say words correctly, and you will learn them easily. Correct pronunciation means correct spelling of the words. English spelling is not good to guide its pronunciation. But spelling and pronunciation have closed relationship. They match each other perfectly. Sometimes we can pronounce a word according to its spelling. English pronunciation can also guide its spelling. This is a two-way communication.
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