She expected a shortage of dried fruit so she laid in a large supply.
Le Notre laid out the gardens at Versailles.（laid the gardens out/laidthem out）
Before he went to Brazil for a year，he laid up his car，as he didn't want to sell it.（laid it up）
be laid up（of a person）因病卧床不起：
She was laid up for weeks with a slipped disk.
lead up to（tr）为……做好准备，引出（比喻的用法）：
He wanted to borrow my binoculars，but he didn't say so at once.He led up to it by talking about birdwatching.
He was playing his trumpet but I told him to leave off because the neighbours were complaining about the noise.
We'll sing our school song leaving out the last ten verses.
They gave each competitor a number；but they left out No.13 as no one wanted to have it.（left No.13 out/left it out）
When she lets her hair down it reaches her waist.（lets down her hair/lets it down）
You can let a coat down（lengthen it）by using the hem.
let someone down（宾语在 down 之前）行动不像某人所期待的，未能执行某一协议，辜负某人：
I promised him that you would do the work.Why did you let me down by doing so little？
He said he'd come to help me；but he let me down.He never turned up.他本来说过要来帮我；可是他把我涮了。他根本就没有来。
They let in the ticket-holders.（let the ticket-holders in/let them in）
If you mention my name to the door-keeper he will let you in.
let someone off（宾语在off之前）不予惩罚：
I thought that the magistrate was going to fine me but he let me off.
That boy is getting fatter.You'll have to let out his clothes.（let his clothes out/let them out）
He opened the door and let out the dog.（let the dog out/let it out）
live down a bad reputation 小心做人以使人忘记自己的不良声誉：
He has never quite been able to live down a reputation for drinking too much which he got when he was a young man.（live it down）
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It is said that for a certain period of his life Byron lived on vinegar and potatoes in order to keep thin.
live up tp（tr）维持某种道德、经济或行为标准：
He had high ideals and tried to live up to them.
lock up a house（tr/intr；常为intr）把房子所有的门都锁上：
People usually lock up before they go to bed at night.
lock up a person or thing 锁在……之内：
She locked up the papers in her desk.（locked the papers up/locked themup）
Will you look after my parrot when I am away？
It's time you looked ahead and made plans for your retirement.
He looked at the clock and said，‘It is midnight.'
look back（intr），look back on（tr）回顾：
Looking back，I don't suppose we are any worse now than people were a hundred years ago.
Perhaps some day it will be pleasant to look back on these things.
Don't look round now but the woman behind us is wearing the most extraordinary clothes.
look down on（tr）轻视，看不起：
Small boys often look down on little girls and refuse to play with them.
She thinks her neighbours look down on her a bit because she's never been abroad.
I have lost my watch will you help me to look for it？
look forward to（tr）盼望，期待（常带一个动名词）：
I am looking forward to her arrival/to seeing her.
look in（intr）短暂地拜访某人（常不预先告诉对方，相当于call in）：
I'll look in this evening to see how she is.
There is a mystery about his death and the police are looking into it.
Most people look on a television set as an essential piece of furniture.
These children seem to look on their teachers as their enemies.
Two men were fighting.The rest were looking on.
look on（tr）， look out on（tr）（用于指房屋或窗户）面向，朝着……方向：
His house looks（out）on to the sea.
‘Look out！There's a lorry coming！'
look out for（tr）警惕地看着以等待某物出现（常是相当明显的事物）：
I am going to the party too,so look out for me.
look over（tr）以批评的眼光看，重新阅读，迅速核对改正（同 go over 相似，但不如后者彻底）：
look over what you've written before handing it to the examiner.
I'm going to look over a house that I'm thinking of buying.
Look through your old clothes and see if you have anything to give away.
I'd like you to look through these photographs and try to pick out the man you saw.
He looked through the books and decided that he wouldn't like them.
look through someone 对某人看而又仿佛看不见的样子（作为一种故意的无礼表示）：
She has to be polite to me in the office but when we meet outside she always looks through me.
look up an address/a name/word/train/telehone number etc.
If you don't know the meaning of the word look it up.（look up the word/look the word up）
I must look up the time of your train.
look somebody up 拜访（被访者常是住得较远、不常见到的，
Any time you come to London do look me up.
I haven't seen Tom for ages.I must find out where he lives and look himup.（look Tome up/look up Tom）
look up（intr） 有进步，变得更好（主语常是things情况/business市面/world affairs世界局势/the weather天气等一种不太确指的事）：
Business has been very bad lately but things are beginning to look up now.
look someone up and down 轻蔑地将某人从头打量到脚：
The policeman looked the drunk man up and down very deliberately before replying to his question.
look up to（tr） 尊敬，敬仰：
School boys usually look up to great athletes.