take part in + 名词/动名词
take part in 参加
He will take part in a chess tournament next week.
We are all invited to take part in the pageant.
The panel was chosen to take part in discussion.
She would sooner resign than take part in such dishonest business deals.
He mustered all his courage to take part in the game.
Let's take part in the triumphal chorus.
In early days only male athletes were allowed to take part in the Olympic Games.
We all had to take part in the training run, with nobody excepted.
be taken aback（intr） 感到惊讶失措：
I was taken aback when I saw the bill.
He takes after his grandmother；she had red hair too.
My father was forgetful and I take after him；I forget everything.
take back（tr） 收回（所说的话、指责等）：
I blamed him bitterly at first but later，when I heard the whole story，I realized that he had been right and I went to him and took back my remarks.（took them back）
take down（tr） 写下来（常指听写）：
He read out the names and his secretary took them down.（took down the names/took the names down）
take for（tr） 错认：
I took him for his brother.They are extremely alike.
Do you take me for a fool？
At first he took us in by his stories and we tried to help him；but later we learnt that his stories were all lies.
When our car broke down I knocked on the door of the nearest house.
The owner very kindly took us in and gave us a bed for the night.
People who live by the sea often take in paying guests during the summer.（take paying guests in/take them in）
I was thinking of something else while she was speaking and I didn't really take in what she was saying.
I couldn't take in the lecture at all.It was too difficult for me.（couldn't take it in）
I'm getting much thinner；I'll have to take in my clothes.（take my clothes in/take them in）
take off（tr） 取下，脱下，褪去（指衣服时为 put on 的反义词）：
He took off his coat when he entered the house and put it on again whenhe went out.（took his coat off/took it off）
There is often a spectators balcony at airports where people can watchthe planes taking off and landing.
She wants someone to look after her children.I shouldn't care to take on the job.They are very spoilt.（take the job on/take it on）
They're taking on fifty new workers at the factory.
I'll take you on at table tennis.
I took on Mr Pitt at draughts.（took Mr Pitt on/took him on）
take out（tr） 除去，清除：
Petrol will take out that stain.（take the stain out/take it out）
The dentist took out two of her teeth.
take somebody out 请人到外面去吃饭娱乐：
Her small boy is at boarding school quite near here.I take him out every month.
take over（tr/intr） 接受，接手，接管：
We stop work at ten o'clock and the night shift takes over until the following morning.
Miss Smith is leaving to get married and Miss Jones will be taking overthe class/Miss Jones will be taking over from Miss Smith.
史密斯小姐要离职去结婚了，琼斯小姐将接手管理她的班级。（参见 hand over。）
He took to drink.
He took to borrowing money from the petty cash.
I was introduced to the new headmistress yesterday.I can't say I took toher.
He went to sea and took to the life like a duck to water.
When they saw that the ship was sinking the crew took to the boats.
After the failure of the coup many of the rebels took to the hills and became guerillas.
He took up golf and became very keen on it.（took it up）
He has a very small room and most of the space is taken up by a grandpiano.
A lot of an MP's time is taken up with answering letters from his constituents.
Talk it over with your wife and give me your answer tomorrow.（talkover my suggestion/talk my suggestion over）
think over（tr） 考虑：
I can't decide straight away but I'll think over your idea and let you know what I decide.（think your idea over/think it over）
throw away/out（tr） 扔掉，抛弃（废物等）：
Throw away those old shoes.Nobody could wear them now.（throw the shoes away/throw them away）
throw up（tr） 突然放弃（某种工作或计划）：
He suddenly got tired of the job and threw it up.（he threw up the job/threw the job up）
tie someone up 捆住某人手脚使不能动弹：
The thieves tied up the night watchman before opening the safe.（tied the man up/tied him up）
try on（tr） 试穿（衣物）：
Customer in dress shop：I like this dress.Could I try it on？（try this dress on/try on this dress）
try out（tr） 试验：
We won't know how the plan works till we have tried it out.
They are trying out new ways of preventing noise in hospitals.（tryingthem out）
turn away（tr） 拒之门外，阻挡在门外：
The man at the door turned away anybody who hadn't an invitation card.（turned them away）
turn down（tr） 拒绝，不批谁，拒不接受建议、申请、申请的人等：
I applied for the job but they turned me down/turned down my application because I didn't know German.
He was offered ￡500 for the picture but he turned it down.（turned down the offer/turned the offer down）
turn in（intr） 上床睡觉（主要为海员、露营者等所用）：
The captain turned in，not realizing that the icebergs were so close.
turn into（tr） 转换为，变为：
I am going to turn my garage into a playroom for the children.
She turned the silver candlestick into a reading lamp.
The tigress turned on the trainer and struck him to the ground.
turn on/off（tr） 开/关（电灯、煤气、炉灶、收音机、水龙头等）turn out（tr）
The creamery turns out two hundred tons of butter a week.（turns it out）这家奶制品厂每周生产200吨黄油。
1 turn a person out 将人逐出家屋/套房/居室：
At one time，if tenants didn't pay their rent the landlord could turn themout.
2 turn out one's pockets/handbags/drawers etc.
‘Turn out your pockets，'said the detective.
3 turn out a room 彻底打扫，先将家具搬出去：
I try to turn out one room every month if I have time.
The whole town turned out to welcome the winning football team when they came back with the Cup.
I've never made Yorkshire pudding before so I am not quite sure how it is going to turn out.
Marriages arranged by marriage bureaux frequently turn out well.由婚姻介绍所安排的婚姻结果常常美满。
（c）原来是……（注意有两种结构：it turned out that… 和 he turned out to be…）：
He told her that he was a bachelor but it turned out that he was marriedwith six children.
Our car broke down half way through the journey but the hiker we hadpicked up turned out to be an expert mechanic and was able to put thingsright.
注意 turn out 与 come out 不同。用 turn out 时，后来所发现的事总是要说出来的，而且也并不暗示这事是坏事。用 come out 时，只告诉人说某些事实已经被揭露了（这些事实常是名声不好的），但不说明这些事实的内容。
He turned over the stone.（turned the stone over/turned it over）
The initials‘PTO'at the bottom of a page mean‘Please turn over'.
‘Turn over a new leaf.'
The car struck the wall and turned over.
The canoe turned over，throwing the boys into the water.
It is difficult to turn over in a hammock.
When his alarm went off he just turned over and went to sleep again.
Turn up the gas；it is much too low.
I wish the people in the next flat would turn down their radio.You canhear every word.（turn the sound down/turn it down）
We arranged to meet at the station but she didn't turn up.
Don't bother to look for my umbrella；it will turn up some day.