pay back（tr），pay someone back（tr/intr） 还给，付还：
I must pay back the money that I borrowed.（pay the money back/pay itback）
I must pay back Mr Pitt.（pay Mr Pitt back/pay him back）
I must pay Mr Pitt back the money he lent me.（pay him back the money/pay it back to him）
pay someone back/out 算账，复仇，报复：
I'll pay you back for this.
Unless you pay up I shall tell my solicitor to write to you.
pick out（tr） 选择，将……同其他的区别开来：
Here are six rings.Pick out the one you like best.（pick it out）这里有六枚戒指。选出你最喜欢的一枚。
In an identity parade the witness has to try to pick out the criminal from
a group of about eight men.（pick the criminal out/pick him out）
I know that you are in this photograph but I can't pick you out.
He picked up the child and carried him into the house.（picked the child up）
She scatters toys all over the floor and I have to pick them up.
I won't have time to come to your house but I could pick you up at theend of your road.
The coach stops at the principal hotels to pick up tourists，but only if they arrange this in advance.（pick tourists up/pick them up）
The crew of the wrecked yacht were picked up by helicopter.
Their SOS was picked up by another ship，which informed the life boat head quarters.
Sometimes you pick up wonderful bargains in these markets.
Children usually pick up foreign languages very quickly.
point out（tr） 指示，指给……看：
As we drove through the city the guide pointed out the most importantbuildings.（pointed the buildings out/pointed them out）
pull down（tr） 拆毁（指建筑物）：
Everywhere elegant old buildings are being pulled down and mediocremodern erections are being put up.（pull down houses/pull them down）
pull off（tr） 搞成功（宾语常用it）：
Much to our surprise he pulled off the deal.（pulled it off）
pull through（tr/intr） 病愈，使人病愈：
We thought she was going to die but her own will-power pulled herthrough.（tr）
He is very ill but he'll pull through if we look after him carefully.（intr）
pull up（intr） （车辆）停下：
A lay-by is a space at the side of a main road，where drivers can pull up ifthey want a rest.
put aside/by（tr） 保留以供将来使用（常指钱，而且前者常指为了某种目的而把钱存起来）：
He puts aside ￡50 a month to pay for his summer holiday.（puts itaside）
Don't spend all your salary.Try to put something by each month.
put away（tr） 整齐地收好（如放在抽屉或柜橱里）：
Put your toys away，children；it's bedtime.（put away the toys/putthem away）
put something back 放回原处，放到该放的地方：
When you've finished with the book put it back on the shelf.
put back a clock/watch 把时针往回拨（有时是一种比喻，指恢复过去的习俗）：
Mother：Your father and I will arrange a marriage for you when the time comes.
Daughter：You're trying to put the clock back，mother.Parents don'tarrange marriages these days！（put back the clock/put it back）
He picked up the saucepan and put it down at once because the handlewas almost red-hot.（put the saucepan down/put it down）
Troops were used to put down the rebellion.（put the rebellion down/putit down）
Put down his phone number before you forget it.（put the number down/put it down）
Customer（to shop assistant）：I'll take that one.Please put it down to me/to my account.
put something down to（tr） 认为是由于……：
The children wouldn't answer him，but he wasn't annoyed as he put itdown to shyness.
She hasn't been well since she came to this country；I put it down to theclimate.
put forward a suggestion/proposal etc.提出建议等：
The older members of the committee are inclined to veto any suggestions put forward by the younger ones.（put a suggestion forward/put it forward）
put forward/on clocks and watches 把钟表往前拨（put forward 是 put back 的反义词）：
In March people in England put their clocks forward/on an hour.When summer time ends they put them back an hour.
put in a claim 提出权利要求：
He put in a claim for compensation because he had lost his luggage in the train crash.
put in for a job/a post 求职：
They are looking for a lecturer in geography.Why don't you put in forit？
put off an action 推迟某种行动：
Some people put off making their wills till it is too late.
I'll put off my visit to Scotland till the weather is warmer.（put my visit off/put it off）
put a person off
I had invited some guests to dinner but I had to put them off because apower cut prevented me from cooking anything.
I wanted to see the exhibition but the queue put me off.
Many people who want to come to England are put off by the stories they hear about English weather.
put on a light/gas or electric fire/radio 打开（电灯/煤气灶或电气灶/收音机）：
Put on the light.（put the light on/put it on）
put on a play 上演一出戏：
The students usually put on a play at the end of the year.
put on an expression 做出某种表情：
He put on an air of in difference，which didn't deceive anybody for a moment.
put on clothes/glasses/jewellery 穿，戴（反义词是take off）：
He put on a black coat so that he would be in conspicuous.（put a coat on/put it on）
She put on her glasses and took the letter from my hand.
put out any kind of light or fire 熄灭（灯或火）：
Put out that light.（put the light out/put it out）
put someone out 使某人不便：
He is very selfish.He wouldn't put himself out for anyone.
be put out 感到不快：
She was very put out when I said that her new summer dress didn't suit her.
He put up a shed in the garden.（put a shed up/put it up）
When the importation of foreign tomatoes was forbidden，home growers put up their prices.（put their prices up/put them up）
put someone up（宾语常位于up之前） 暂时留某人住下：
If you come to Paris I will put you up.You needn't look for a hotel.
put someone up to something（常指某种诡计）怂恿某人去做某事，告诉某人如何做某事：
He couldn't have thought of that trick by himself.Someone must have put him up to it.
put up with（tr） 容忍：
We had to put up with a lot of noise when the children were at home.